“What Can Miserable Christians Sing?” by Carl Trueman

Posted by on Jul 27, 2011 in Psalms, Relevant Reverence | 2 Comments

I often get in e-mail debates from Christians who have listened to my album, “The Fallen Cry” (sung from the voice of the fallen) and seen my claim that these songs are indeed appropriate for a church setting – and they go off on me. I am rarely/never able to convince these people of the merits of these songs for the purposes of corporate worship.

But, I recently came across a writing from Carl R. Trueman, a professor at Westminster Theological Seminary, that states my argument much more eloquently than I ever have. It’s worth the read.

“Having experienced — and generally appreciated — worship across the whole evangelical spectrum, from Charismatic to Reformed — I am myself less concerned here with the form of worship than I am with its content. Thus, I would like to make just one observation: the psalms, the Bible’s own hymnbook, have almost entirely dropped from view in the contemporary Western evangelical scene. I am not certain about why this should be, but I have an instinctive feel that it has more than a little to do with the fact that a high proportion of the psalter is taken up with lamentation, with feeling sad, unhappy, tormented, and broken.

In modern Western culture, these are simply not emotions which have much credibility: sure, people still feel these things, but to admit that they are a normal part of one’s everyday life is tantamount to admitting that one has failed in today’s health, wealth, and happiness society. And, of course, if one does admit to them, one must neither accept them nor take any personal responsibility for them: one must blame one’s parents, sue one’s employer, pop a pill, or check into a clinic in order to have such dysfunctional emotions soothed and one’s self-image restored.

Now, one would not expect the world to have much time for the weakness of the psalmists’ cries. It is very disturbing, however, when these cries of lamentation disappear from the language and worship of the church. Perhaps the Western church feels no need to lament — but then it is sadly deluded about how healthy it really is in terms of numbers, influence and spiritual maturity. Perhaps — and this is more likely — it has drunk so deeply at the well of modern Western materialism that it simply does not know what to do with such cries and regards them as little short of embarrassing. Yet the human condition is a poor one — and Christians who are aware of the deceitfulness of the human heart and are looking for a better country should know this.

A diet of unremittingly jolly choruses and hymns inevitably creates an unrealistic horizon of expectation which sees the normative Christian life as one long triumphalist street party — a theologically incorrect and a pastorally disastrous scenario in a world of broken individuals. Has an unconscious belief that Christianity is — or at least should be — all about health, wealth, and happiness silently corrupted the content of our worship? Few Christians in areas where the church has been strongest over recent decades — China, Africa, Eastern Europe – would regard uninterrupted emotional highs as normal Christian experience.

Indeed, the biblical portraits of believers give no room to such a notion. Look at Abraham, Joseph, David, Jeremiah, and the detailed account of the psalmists’ experiences. Much agony, much lamentation, occasional despair — and joy, when it manifests itself — is very different from the frothy triumphalism that has infected so much of our modern Western Christianity. In the psalms, God has given the church a language which allows it to express even the deepest agonies of the human soul in the context of worship. Does our contemporary language of worship reflect the horizon of expectation regarding the believer’s experience which the psalter proposes as normative? If not, why not? Is it because the comfortable values of Western middle-class consumerism have silently infiltrated the church and made us consider such cries irrelevant, embarrassing, and signs of abject failure?

I did once suggest at a church meeting that the psalms should take a higher priority in evangelical worship than they generally do — and was told in no uncertain terms by one indignant person that such a view betrayed a heart that had no interest in evangelism. On the contrary, I believe it is the exclusion of the experiences and expectations of the psalmists from our worship — and thus from our horizons of expectation — which has in a large part crippled the evangelistic efforts of the church in the West and turned us all into spiritual pixies.

By excluding the cries of loneliness, dispossession, and desolation from its worship, the church has effectively silenced and excluded the voices of those who are themselves lonely, dispossessed, and desolate, both inside and outside the church. By so doing, it has implicitly endorsed the banal aspirations of consumerism, generated an insipid, trivial and unrealistically triumphalist Christianity, and confirmed its impeccable credentials as a club for the complacent. In the last year, I have asked three very different evangelical audiences what miserable Christians can sing in church. On each occasion my question has elicited uproarious laughter, as if the idea of a broken-hearted, lonely, or despairing Christian was so absurd as to be comical — and yet I posed the question in all seriousness. Is it any wonder that British evangelicalism, from the Reformed to the Charismatic, is almost entirely a comfortable, middle-class phenomenon?”

–Carl R. Trueman, from “What Can Miserable Christians Sing?” in The Wages of Spin: Critical Writings on Historical and Contemporary Evangelicalism (Christian Focus: 2004) pp. 158-160.


  1. Jeremy Swain
    July 27, 2011

    Hi Eric,

    I’m a friend of Iain MacKinnon’s from the US…I posted this on his link to your article, and he suggested I repost it here:

    I like it. And I think I mostly agree. One thing that deserves consideration is the vav adversitive. I think “vav” is the Hebrew word for “but” and if I am not mistaken it appears in all but one of the 80 or so laments in the Psalms. In… other words, the Psalmist is like “lament lament lament lament…BUT…God is good, He will be faithful to me, I will consider His great works, etc.” I learned this from a Michael Card teaching. I guess what I believe is that we absolutely SHOULD lament, and that we should cry out to Him honestly in our weakness…but that we should do so not in hopelessness, but only in light of Who God Is, in contrast to our weakness. We proclaim our weakness, but not without proclaiming in faith, His strength. Otherwise, why have we brought our miserable, hurting selves into a church? Surely it is because we know He is the solution. Good article.

    God bless,


  2. Eric Olsen
    July 27, 2011

    Thanks Jeremy,

    That’s the exact point. Being honest with God in our prayer songs, and that honesty would sometimes need to include admission of “feeling” self-defeated, unworthy of grace, depressed, isolated, alone….and YET (vav), KNOWING that He is good.

    That reality of the human condition is too often ignored in our Sunday songs.